Area=27,560 kmÂ² Km2
Capital: Puerto PrÃncipe
: Occupies the western side of the island of Hispaniola, the second in size of the Greater Antilles. There are two mountain chains running east to west, dividing the northern and southern peninsulas. Coffee is the principal export. Copper was not mined after 1976, and bauxite is about exhausted. The northern coast receives more rain and is the more developed region, but the land suffers from serious erosion. Less than 2% of the territory is still forested.
The great majority of Haitians â almost 95^ - are descendents of Africans. The rest are European Mestizos and there is a small number of European and Asian origin. Thousands of Haitians have left the country in recent years, emigrating especially to Colombia, Venezuela and the United States.
French (official), spoken by less than 20% of the population. The majority speak Creole (also official), a local language with African, Spanish and English elements, besides the original French.
Voodoo, syncretism and Christianity, and African, Catholic (80%), and Protestant (16%) beliefs.
Groups of the Basic Church, originally Catholic; the Movement in Favor of the Creole Language; Solidarity for the Haitian Woman (SOFA) which has 5,000 members; the Confederation of Haitian Workers; the Federation of Haitian Unions; the Movement of the Papaya growers.
Haiti, the poorest country in the Americas, is on the western side of the island of Hispaniola, named by Christopher Columbus, although the original inhabitants of the island â Arawaks and Tainos, none of whom exist today â called it Quisqueya.
In 1697 Spain ceded half of the island to France which began to send a huge number of African slaves, which led to only 16% of the population being free (480,000 slaves out of a population of 560,000).
At the beginning of the 19th century the co
I am Michel Rose Flore 26 years of age. I live with my parents. I am Haitian and I am studying chemistry. I am passing into the second year. I have a sister and a brother and I am the oldest. I belong to the choir at St. Martin of Tours Parish in Delmas 5. I love to sing and listen to music, watch television, films. I hope to found my family and also to find work at the end of my formation and become a chemist renowned and sought after.
Let me present my country to you briefly. Haiti is a poor country that cannot take care of the needs of its population. One of the seven countries least advanced in the world with a feeble national production. Life expectancy is 54 on an average. Haiti depends on international aid to survive. Haiti lacks industry and the appropriate technology hinders the industrial sector to develop. Haiti lacks economic means. The lack of infrastructure (roads and bridges) hinders considerably the functioning of existing industries. This situation does not encourage foreign and national investors to invest in Haiti.
On the agricultural level, it must be noted that in Haiti the agricultural sector occupies 65% of the active population. However, for more than 10 years it has been constantly abandoned. It has been dominated by subsistence farming which occupies 75% of the cultivated land and still practiced with the hoe. So the intense work of the country is numerous but isolated on small parcels of land, without any technical means or financial aid and cannot furnish enough food for the population. This situation gets worse every year because of the high birth rate which renews the Haitian population much too fast.
The painful life of the Haitians, the lack of doctors and nurses, the unhealthy conditions, the lack of hospitals and medications reduce the length of life of the Haitians. Almost half of the population does not have access to health care. Besides, epidemics regularly strike the population already weakened by malnutrition.
In most of the least advanced countries, schools and qualified teachers are lacking. Besides, parents often out of work do not have the means to pay the school fees or to buy the uniforms, books and school materials. They cannot even count on help from the government. In these conditions, the P M A has illiterate people. In Haiti, the alphabetizing rate is 55%. Haiti also lacks qualified technicians in the areas susceptible of bettering its economy and obtaining a better quality of life for its inhabitants. (Engineers, agronomists, Teachers, qualified workers, health care workers.)
The challenges are great, the weight of the past, and also infant mortality, the lack of public hospitals, schools, places to take in abandoned children, lack of professional teachers; the lack of electricity and drinking water and the lack of security must be noted.
Michel Rose Flore
Michel Rose-Flore was born in 1981 in Port-au-Prince, Haiti.
(Excerpt from Cartas del Sur al Norte (Letters from the South to the North), PPC, Madrid 2009)
Life expectancy: 53 years. Men: 53 years-Women: 54 years
Children per woman: 3.6
Maternal mortality rate: 680 in 100,000 newborns
Infant mortality: 74 every 1,000
Mortality < 5 years old: 117 every 1,000
Calories a day: 2,109 per capita
17 doctors every 100,000 inhabitants
Access to drinking water: 71%
Literacy: 52%. Men: 53%-Women: 50%
Primary school, Secondary school, University: No data
COMMUNICATIONS AND MEDIA
18 radio sets, 60 TV sets, 17 phone lines every 1,000 inhabitants
Population living with less than 1 US$ a day: 53.9%
GDP per capita: U$ 1,844
Annual growth: 0.4%
Annual inflation: 27%
Exports: U$ 469 million
Imports: U$ 1,375 million
External debt: U$ 1,225 mill.: U$ 140 per capita
Debt Servicing: 4% from exports
USE OF THE LAND
Forests and woodland: 3.8%. Arable land: 28.3%. Others: 56.3%
Health: 3.0% of GDP
Education: No data
Defence: No data
âBlessed art thou, O Lord God of our fathers. For thou art righteous in all the things that thou hast done to us. For we have sinned and committed iniquity, departing from thee. For we, O Lord, are become less than any nation, and be kept under this day in all the world because of our sins. Put us not to shame:but deal with us after thy lovingkindness, and according to the multitude of thy mercies.â (Dn 3: 184.108.40.206.41-42)
You can write to Michel Rose Flore at the following address:
Delmas 29 - Angle Rue A. Killick/Delmas 29
Port-au-Prince - Haiti - WI.
Alternatively, you can write to him through the email address of Stanislas Limdeyou SM.They both speak French.